Scientific monograph is intended for students of higher educational institutions of humanitarian and technical directions. The most important events in the history of discovery, formation and development of the Kharkiv Practical Technological Institute in the pre-revolutionary period are considered. The reasons for the renaming of the university to the Kharkiv Technological Institute, and later — to the Emperor Oleksandr III Kharkiv Technological Institute are presented. The biographies of outstanding teachers and researchers who had worked at KhPTI, and then worked at KhTI and contributed in its history are presented. The results of original works performed under the guidance of the great scholars and teachers are described.

The proposed material can be used in studying the history of Ukrainian higher education history questions during term paper and degree designing.